Sometimes questions regarding hallmarks, brands and trademarks of Watch Case Makers are asked. So I thought, an overview could be helpful – arranged in alphabetical order of the Makers:
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Remarks / Explanations Specific remarks FUiC:
= "First Use in Commerce" - a most important date in US trademark Law. In the US first usage of a brand will create trademark rights - contrary to most other countries, where the date of application is the important date. Advantage for collectors: in US trademark applications the FUiC date is given making it possible to date an object with the relating trademark.Remarks regarding some Makers Biggs:
actually, the trademark shown is the only Biggs trademark I was able to find. But: this trademark was registered for jewelry for personal wear, not including watches
. But as it shows the Biggs "B plus bee" I liked to show it anyway. I. D. Watch Case Co., Inc. and Solidarity, respectively:
that the most challenging discovery. There WAS the Solidarity Watch Case Company - but I don't know, how long. So I don't know, if the Hamiltons with the Solidarity brand were made by the original company or by I.D. Behind I.D. was Isidor Dinstman who collected Watch Case makers like others are collecting Watches:viewtopic.php?f=29&t=3571&p=25871&hilit=Dinstman#p25871
So it could be, I.D. also took over the remainders of Solidarity. But this is just a hunch. Pioneer:
no trademark found – but the triangle/P is Pioneer’s hallmark. The key is this thread:viewtopic.php?f=33&t=7297&p=53074#p53074
There’s shown a case (of a Gruen?) having the triangle/P hallmark plus a US Patent Number 2,229,979 - and this patent belong to Pioneer. As I found nothing at all about Pioneer elsewhere, I took the data regarding name/Address from the patent. Wallace:
Honestly, I’m not certain, if Wallace was the maker of the Lord Lancaster S, as shown here:http://www.vintagewatchforums.com/viewt ... 7&start=10
The W looks similar – but Wallace? I did not find any Wallace trademarks having anything to do with watches and watch cases. The trademark I found is for silver hollow and flat ware. General remarks
I collected the trademark data from US trademark Certificates, i. e. the trademark itself, name and address of the owner and bibliographic data (Reg. Date, Reg. number, FUiC). Searching for old and lapsed US trademarks isn't that easy - helpful sites are:http://historicip.com/trademarks/search.php
Brilliant site of a collector (of tools) who's great also in patent and trademark stuff. His site just is the best I'm aware of when it comes to very old US trademarks.http://www.mikrolisk.de/show.php/280/letter_A
THE site when it comes to horological brands and trademarks - next to all are present, but some still are missing.
Nevertheless, I did not find all trademarks. The reason could be: there was no trademark or I simply missed it.
And if I missed a Case Maker: please advise.